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Modiv Industrial Announces Third Quarter 2023 Results

Management Provides Forward-Looking Thoughts

Modiv Industrial, Inc. (“Modiv Industrial”, “Modiv”, the “Company”, “we” or “our”), (NYSE:MDV), the only public REIT exclusively focused on acquiring industrial manufacturing real estate, today announced operating results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2023.

Key Financial Highlights:

  • 21% year-over-year increase in revenue generating $12.5 million compared with $10.3 million in the year-ago quarter.
  • 19% year-over-year increase in AFFO netting $3.7 million compared with $3.1 million in the year-ago quarter.
  • $10 million reduction in leverage and a 14% reduction in net debt to adjusted EBITDA from prior quarter results released in August 2023.
  • $5.4 million net proceeds from the sale of a non-core asset located in Rocklin, California.
  • Portfolio consists of 44 properties with a weighted average lease term of 14.0 years and weighted average annual rental increases of 2.48%.

“Another solid quarter of no-nonsense execution. Given the increased market volatility and geo-political risk, we believe the greater benefit inures to those that are thoughtful rather than rash. With crystal balls becoming even more opaque, today’s environment compels us to be incessantly focused on the execution of the variables in our control. As such, it feels imprudent to provide formal guidance for 2024 but reasonable for us to be transparent as to our strategic thinking. The following business outlook lists our activity and perspective on topics we suspect will be germane to investors.

Business Outlook:

Acquisitions – Since our NYSE listing last year, we have acquired over $214 million of industrial manufacturing assets, arguably the most active buyer of this property type and at a volume that is more commensurate with much larger REITs. As we discussed recently in this Nareit podcast, we chose to be active in the latter half of last year and the first half of this year. Though we continue to look at every asset we can, we are finding the majority of the current supply to be lacking in strategic value, having an insufficient credit profile and/or being offered with questionable pricing (that holds true for both too low and too high cap rates). Given the lackluster inventory, coupled with tepid markets, we don’t see ourselves being that acquisitive in the near term. That could change if the broader capital markets improve or if we find truly compelling opportunities.

As we take a calculated pause on single asset purchases, we are spending a decent amount of time exploring portfolio consolidations and intriguing M&A opportunities. In fact, over the past year, we have underwritten and dialogued on five such opportunities representing over $2.4 billion of aggregate value – all focused on industrial manufacturing. Though the timing and pricing haven’t been right as of yet, all of those opportunities remain on our active radar.

We take the Buffett-esque view that, at this stage of the market cycle, we can afford to stand over the plate looking for the fat pitch without fear of strikes being called.

Dispositions – Similar to our acquisition volume, we have been busy disposing of our non-industrial assets since we listed, with over $120 million sold across 22 assets (including 10 office properties). We are focused on recycling those assets that we do not believe are a strategic long-term fit but at the same time we are also not in a rush to throw away good AFFO just to clear these assets off the books. Given that we still hold office assets and office has become a six-letter curse word, one might think we would be verklempt and, in turn, hasty in our retreat. We are not. We are, however, patient and we draw this patience from the facts that we have observed firsthand. For example, as it relates to our three largest office properties: in the past year we have received three unsolicited bids on our asset located in Issaquah, Washington; we have been in conversations with the AA-rated tenant of our asset located in Rancho Cordova, California, about their intent to begin their lengthy government process to exercise their purchase option; and we are reviewing flex conversion proposals we have received on our asset located in Nashville, Tennessee. If parties are kicking the tires of our office assets in today’s market, then that suggests to us that interested parties will also likely kick the tires at a later time when the market landscape has settled and after we have collected more of our contractual rents.

We aren’t being stubborn or idealistic, but we are being balanced and patient.

Equity – A study of REIT history shows us, time and time again, that those REITs that are disciplined with their use of equity and debt win over the long term as investors reward those companies that can grow, yet also preserve, the capital entrusted to them. There is no REIT in existence today that hasn’t, over the course of its lifespan, accessed both equity and debt on a routine basis. However, it is the amount and timing of each capital source that creates a clear divide between those that are rewarded and those that languish. There may be few, if any, examples of a REIT of our size, with the acquisition volume we have delivered, who have gone so long without accessing the equity markets. It is with this knowledge that we have chosen a disciplined, yet arduous, path forward over the past 21 months. We recognized early on that we could remain both disciplined and opportunistic by accessing affordable debt when it was still available last year while at the same time recycling assets into higher yielding alternatives and by strategically identifying UPREIT transactions that made sense (factoid: we have issued over $37 million of OP units at a weighted average price greater than $23 since the beginning of 2022).

Combined, these activities have allowed us to prolong our need to access the market until such time that we see greater receptivity to equity issuances and as our share price draws closer to fair value. We believe we have upwards of $100 million of additional assets, both the identified non-core properties and a few industrial distribution properties, that we can recycle advantageously into manufacturing properties while we wait for the equity markets to regain their footing. We believe our investor outreach efforts, which we discuss below, have helped raise awareness of our historical mispricing and have recently closed the value gap. Going forward, we will identify those opportunities where issuing shares via our ATM makes sense from a price standpoint but also to further our goal of increasing our tradeable float. Though we have no present-day designs to access the equity markets in the near term, we will be prepared to act efficiently should the markets improve. Further, we believe that even small amounts of capital can go far given our discipline and the math of the denominator effect. By hypothetical example, a small raise of just $15 million could generate $0.10 of unlevered AFFO per share and, at today’s P/AFFO, result in a 7%+ increase in our share value on top of our existing 7%+ dividend rate.

Yes, we will eventually access the equity markets but we feel no pressure to do so prematurely or excessively.

Debt – Modiv Industrial now has less than $285 million of indebtedness, 100% of which is fixed rate, with a weighted average interest rate of 4.52% and a weighted average maturity of 3.6 years with the earliest meaningful maturity not until 2027. Our debt to asset ratio is 48%, our Debt to Adjusted EBITDA multiple is 6.7 and our debt service coverage is 2.3x. These metrics are in line with, or better than, our previously announced intentions over the past two years and represent, to us, a thoughtful use of leverage at a time when equity was unavailable.

Barring a compelling consolidation or M&A opportunity, we do not see any further benefit in using additional debt and intend to make single asset purchases on an unlevered basis. As such, it is our intent to only use the capacity of our $150 million revolver in those instances where there may be a short-term timing mismatch. We recently paid down $10 million of mortgage debt and will be focused on the gradual reduction of our leverage profile over the next three years. The fruits of that focus will provide the opportunity for price multiple expansion and a more favorable refinancing posture when our loans are scheduled to mature.

Through our own prior career experiences, our entire management team, as well as our board of directors, holds a very healthy perspective on the use of debt which includes the beliefs that you should never take on an amount that you cannot handle and that we must never forget that in risky times it is normal to expect embedded differences between lenders and borrowers to become more prominent.

Like the flame from a hot stove, debt can be used to nourish an enterprise or burn it – we are proactively turning down the heat.

Strategic Partner – February of this year we informed the public that we had received some inquiries from institutional investors about making a strategic investment into Modiv. Throughout the year we have also had numerous bankers pitch capital ideas to us with most sounding very similar to the “Madison-Plymouth” deal from a few years back. We elected not to spend much time on these concepts as we were focused on our acquisition pipeline and the portfolio sale of non-core assets to Generation Income Properties, Inc (NASDAQ: GIPR). In early September, we began to think more deeply about the concept of accepting strategic partner capital and what we would want to accomplish if we did.

Commonly, smaller REITs entertain such capital infusions either due to financial necessity or some contrived urgency to get bigger as soon as possible. Modiv doesn’t suffer from any financial desperation, and we believe it is more intelligent to pursue actions that make us a better company rather than simply a bigger company. That said, we understand the benefits of scale particularly as it relates to tradeable float, industry consolidation opportunities and, over time, improved cost of capital. As we currently see it, the litany of structured preferred deals available to a REIT like us feel a lot like debt in sheep’s clothing – giving the private equity sponsor equity-like upside participation and leaving us with debt-like responsibility.

At Modiv we understand that we may owe our lenders, but we know we must always serve our (equity) owners. As such, we have been more inclined to explore truer economic joint venture arrangements whereby we have better alignment of mutual interests and both parties can achieve success. For a joint venture to work for us, any strategic partner would need to be more than just money and we would want to understand that they also believe in our investment thesis of owning manufacturing assets, that they see long-term upside value in our equity and that by associating with them we benefit from a “halo effect” that helps introduce other future investors to Modiv. Presently we are under numerous nondisclosure agreements and are having exploratory talks with multiple potential partners. At this stage, we can offer no outlook as to the prospects of any future announcement. For those who are interested or intrigued, please contact us.

We recognize that what we want from a joint venture might not at all be what a potential strategic partner wants, and we are ok with that – if it doesn’t happen, then we won’t force it. At the same time, we also recognize that there is a vast amount of capital out there with very few good ideas to invest in – we honestly believe we are one of those good ideas.

Distributions – Based on Modiv’s most recent closing price on November 10, 2023, our annual cash dividend of $1.15, distributed in twelve monthly payments, is yielding 7.77% and we are maintaining a dividend coverage ratio of over 110%. In our short history we have made 87 consecutive distributions totaling over $60 million. We feel comfortable with the current strength of our dividend but feel it can always be stronger. At this juncture, we do not see a near-term need to increase the cash distribution rate but, as we previously disclosed, we do anticipate making a meaningful in-kind distribution of GIPR shares as early as January 2024.

On November 9, 2023, GIPR obtained the necessary approval of its stockholders to issue up to 3,000,000 shares of its common stock to redeem the Series A Redeemable Preferred Stock that we received in partial consideration for our sale of 13 legacy retail and office assets to GIPR on August 10, 2023. The actual amount of GIPR shares that could be issued to Modiv ranges from 2.2 million to a maximum of 3.0 million, dependent upon the 60-day volume weighted average price (VWAP) of GIPR’s common stock on the date when they might choose to provide us notice of redemption. Net of any advanced private-party sales made by us or any technical reasons that may necessitate holding shares for future sale, the GIPR shares issued to Modiv would be distributed to all holders of Modiv’s then outstanding Class C Common Stock and Class C Operating Partnership Units. Obviously, there is no guarantee that GIPR will submit a redemption notice and even if they did, the amounts of any future dividends could change and are subject to the approval by each respective board of directors.

Based on our current projection, Modiv’s Class C Common Stock and Class C Operating Partnership Units could potentially receive anywhere from 0.24 to 0.32 of GIPR shares for every one share/unit of MDV. Assuming the midpoint of that potential range, the implied ratio would be approximately 0.28 GIPR shares and would represent a potential dividend of ~$1.14 based on GIPR’s share price as of November 10, 2023. When compared to our most recent closing price, that potential ~$1.14 in-kind dividend would equal a 7.7% special, one-time dividend rate. For those who don’t know, GIPR is also a monthly dividend paying stock that currently pays an annualized dividend of approximately $0.468 per share. So Modiv Class C holders, over a twelve-month period, could potentially receive $1.15 (MDV’s cash dividend) + ~$1.14 (GIPR shares) + ~$0.13 (GIPR’s cash dividend) for a potential total of ~$2.42 – a greater than 16% annualized dividend yield based on our most recent closing price.

We will leave it to investors to decide, but we believe our distribution rate, our growth rate and our upside potential make for compelling financial reasons to own our shares.

Investor Outreach – On August 14, 2023, when we announced our second quarter results and our name change to Modiv Industrial, we also informed the public that we would, for the first time, begin to actively seek to increase investor awareness. Our initial outreach efforts have been focused on individual investors and the financial advisors that advise them. In less than three months we have already emailed over 30,000 potential investors and held over 2,000 phone conversations. Additionally, we rang the bell at the New York Stock Exchange on September 29th and participated on a recent Nareit podcast.

In total, these ongoing efforts have already resulted in a 59% increase in our trading volume and a 26% positive relative performance when compared to the FTSE Nareit All Equities Index for the same time period. Though we are pleased with these results, we recognize this activity requires a long-term continuous effort to inform as many investors as possible through our candid and transparent communication. We recognize that it will take us a long time before we achieve any semblance of critical mass as pertains to investor awareness.

We are not presently focused on the institutional investor community and that is by design. We believe our audience today lies with individual investors and we hope that as many willing individual investors can buy our shares before we become a larger REIT that is held by institutions. Even though we know many of the portfolio managers at the leading REIT-dedicated investment shops on a first name basis, we understand the reality of our size, and more importantly, the limits that result. On more than one occasion we have received positive institutional feedback which tells us they are paying attention. We know that when they are ready, they can make a reverse inquiry via our ATM or participate in any future follow-on offerings. They know that we are patient and will, in the meantime, keep our nose to grindstone. Despite not making any formal efforts to attract the institutional crowd, we do have a robust schedule of meetings scheduled for our participation at Nareit’s REITWorld 2023 Investor Conference in Los Angeles, CA, November 14-16, 2023.

We are a persistent (and candid) bunch, and we know we will find our following in good time. With GRIT and GRIND, we will GET IT DONE!” – Aaron Halfacre, CEO of Modiv Industrial.

Conference Call and Webcast

A conference call and audio webcast with analysts and investors will be held on Monday, November 13, 2023, at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time / 8:00 a.m. Pacific Time, to discuss the third quarter 2023 operating results and answer questions.

Live conference call: 1-877-407-0789 at 8:00 a.m. Pacific Time, Monday, November 13, 2023

Webcast: To listen to the webcast, either live or archived, please use this link:

https://viavid.webcasts.com/starthere.jsp?ei=1643126&tp_key=7c99a456f0 or visit the investor relations page of Modiv’s website at www.modiv.com.

About Modiv Industrial

Modiv Industrial, Inc. is an internally managed REIT that is focused on single-tenant net-lease industrial manufacturing real estate. The Company actively acquires critical industrial manufacturing properties with long-term leases to tenants that fuel the national economy and strengthen the nation’s supply chains. Driven by an investor-first focus, Modiv Industrial has over $600 million real estate assets (based on estimated fair value) comprising more than 4.5 million square feet of aggregate leasable area. For more information, please visit: www.modiv.com.

Forward-looking Statements

Certain statements contained in this press release, other than historical facts, may be considered forwardlooking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our plans, strategies and prospects, both business and financial. Such forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to those described under the section entitled “Risk Factors” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 filed with the SEC on March 13, 2023. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in this press release and in the Company’s other filings with the SEC. Any forward-looking statements herein speak only as of the time when made and are based on information available to the Company as of such date and are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. The Company assumes no obligation to revise or update any such statement now or in the future, unless required by law.

Notice Involving Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to U.S. GAAP financial measures, this press release and the supplemental financial and operating report included in our Form 8-K dated November 13, 2023 contain and may refer to certain non-GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures are in addition to, not a substitute for or superior to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered replacements for, and should be read together with, the most comparable GAAP financial measures. Reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures and statements of why management believes these measures are useful to investors are provided below.

AFFO is a measure that is not calculated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). See the Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures later in this press release.

The Company defines “initial cap rate” for property acquisitions as the initial annual cash rent divided by the purchase price of the property. The Company defines “weighted average cap rate” for property acquisitions as the average annual cash rent including rent escalations over the lease term, divided by the purchase price of the property.

MODIV INDUSTRIAL, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022
(Unaudited)
 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

Rental income

$

12,500,338

 

$

10,303,402

 

$

34,648,083

 

$

30,017,493

 

 
Operating expenses:
General and administrative

 

1,735,104

 

 

1,838,388

 

 

5,240,935

 

 

5,559,753

 

Stock compensation expense

 

8,469,867

 

 

549,240

 

 

9,790,206

 

 

1,740,852

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

4,175,209

 

 

3,598,592

 

 

11,403,603

 

 

10,581,765

 

Property expenses

 

1,195,224

 

 

1,415,621

 

 

4,429,936

 

 

5,009,701

 

Impairment of real estate investment property

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

3,499,438

 

 

-

 

Impairment of goodwill

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

17,320,857

 

Total operating expenses

 

15,575,404

 

 

7,401,841

 

 

34,364,118

 

 

40,212,928

 

 
(Loss) gain on sale of real estate investments

 

(1,708,801

)

 

3,932,028

 

 

(1,708,801

)

 

11,527,185

 

Operating (loss) income

 

(4,783,867

)

 

6,833,589

 

 

(1,424,836

)

 

1,331,750

 

 
Other income (expense):
Interest income

 

26,386

 

 

1,665

 

 

296,921

 

 

16,863

 

Dividend income

 

190,000

 

 

-

 

 

190,000

 

 

-

 

 
Income from unconsolidated investment in a real estate property

 

79,164

 

 

64,358

 

 

207,506

 

 

226,690

 

Interest expense, net of derivative settlements and unrealized gain on interest rate swaps

 

(2,922,918

)

 

(2,514,838

)

 

(6,761,779

)

 

(5,280,167

)

Increase in fair value of investment in preferred stock

 

440,000

 

 

-

 

 

440,000

 

 

-

 

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(1,725,318

)

Other

 

65,993

 

 

65,993

 

 

197,978

 

 

198,129

 

Other expense, net

 

(2,121,375

)

 

(2,382,822

)

 

(5,429,374

)

 

(6,563,803

)

 
Net (loss) income

 

(6,905,242

)

 

4,450,767

 

 

(6,854,210

)

 

(5,232,053

)

Less: net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership

 

1,368,896

 

 

(528,540

)

 

1,535,452

 

 

1,180,275

 

Net (loss) income attributable to Modiv Industrial, Inc.

 

(5,536,346

)

 

3,922,227

 

 

(5,318,758

)

 

(4,051,778

)

Preferred stock dividends

 

(921,875

)

 

(921,875

)

 

(2,765,625

)

 

(2,765,625

)

Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders

$

(6,458,221

)

$

3,000,352

 

$

(8,084,383

)

$

(6,817,403

)

 
Net (loss) income per share attributable to common stockholders:
Basic

$

(0.86

)

$

0.40

 

$

(1.07

)

$

(0.91

)

Diluted

$

(0.86

)

$

0.35

 

$

(1.07

)

$

(0.91

)

 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
Basic

 

7,548,052

 

 

7,449,968

 

 

7,537,505

 

 

7,486,945

 

Diluted

 

7,548,052

 

 

10,180,543

 

 

7,537,505

 

 

7,486,945

 

 
Distributions declared per common stock

$

0.2875

 

$

0.2875

 

$

0.8625

 

$

0.9625

 

MODIV INDUSTRIAL, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
As of
September 30, December 31,

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

Assets
Real estate investments:
Land

$

106,263,557

 

$

103,657,237

 

Building and improvements

 

402,036,084

 

 

329,867,099

 

Equipment

 

4,429,000

 

 

4,429,000

 

Tenant origination and absorption costs

 

15,929,385

 

 

19,499,749

 

Total investments in real estate property

 

528,658,026

 

 

457,453,085

 

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(47,587,670

)

 

(46,752,322

)

Total investments in real estate property, net, excluding unconsolidated investment in real estate property and real estate investments held for sale, net

 

481,070,356

 

 

410,700,763

 

Unconsolidated investment in a real estate property

 

10,035,805

 

 

10,007,420

 

Total real estate investments, net, excluding real estate investments held for sale, net

 

491,106,161

 

 

420,708,183

 

Real estate investments held for sale, net

 

8,628,186

 

 

5,255,725

 

Total real estate investments, net

 

499,734,347

 

 

425,963,908

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

5,641,610

 

 

8,608,649

 

Tenant receivables

 

11,211,058

 

 

7,263,202

 

Above-market lease intangibles, net

 

1,332,458

 

 

1,850,756

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

4,881,383

 

 

6,100,937

 

Investment in preferred stock

 

10,060,000

 

 

-

 

Interest rate swap derivatives

 

6,156,179

 

 

4,629,702

 

Other assets related to real estate investments held for sale

 

46,158

 

 

12,765

 

Total assets

$

539,063,193

 

$

454,429,919

 

Liabilities and Equity
Mortgage notes payable, net

$

34,118,748

 

$

44,435,556

 

Credit facility revolver

 

-

 

 

3,000,000

 

Credit facility term loan, net

 

248,385,927

 

 

148,018,164

 

Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities

 

8,893,630

 

 

7,649,806

 

Below-market lease intangibles, net

 

9,098,703

 

 

9,675,686

 

Interest rate swap derivative

 

-

 

 

498,866

 

Liabilities related to real estate investments held for sale

 

162,349

 

 

117,881

 

Total Liabilities

 

300,659,357

 

 

213,395,959

 

 
Commitments and contingencies
 
7.375% Series A cumulative redeemable perpetual preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 2,000,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022

 

2,000

 

 

2,000

 

Class C common stock, $0.001 par value, 300,000,000 shares authorized; 7,920,926 shares issued and 7,577,416 shares outstanding as of September 30, 2023 and 7,762,506 shares issued and 7,512,353 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2022

 

7,921

 

 

7,762

 

Class S common stock, $0.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022

 

-

 

 

-

 

Additional paid-in-capital

 

289,837,352

 

 

278,339,020

 

Treasury stock, at cost, 343,510 and 250,153 shares held as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively

 

(5,290,780

)

 

(4,161,618

)

Cumulative distributions and net losses

 

(132,524,459

)

 

(117,938,876

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

2,871,866

 

 

3,502,616

 

Total Modiv Industrial, Inc. equity

 

154,903,900

 

 

159,750,904

 

Noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership

 

83,499,936

 

 

81,283,056

 

Total equity

 

238,403,836

 

 

241,033,960

 

Total liabilities and equity

$

539,063,193

 

$

454,429,919

 

MODIV INDUSTRIAL, INC.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures - FFO and AFFO
For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022
(Unaudited)
 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

Net (loss) income (in accordance with GAAP)

$

(6,905,242

)

$

4,450,767

 

$

(6,854,210

)

$

(5,232,053

)

Preferred stock dividends

 

(921,875

)

 

(921,875

)

 

(2,765,625

)

 

(2,765,625

)

Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders and Class C OP Unit holders

 

(7,827,117

)

 

3,528,892

 

 

(9,619,835

)

 

(7,997,678

)

FFO adjustments:
Depreciation and amortization of real estate properties

 

4,175,209

 

 

3,598,592

 

 

11,403,603

 

 

10,581,765

 

Amortization of lease incentives

 

40,397

 

 

176,296

 

 

217,537

 

 

323,347

 

Depreciation and amortization for unconsolidated investment in a real estate property

 

187,479

 

 

192,551

 

 

567,721

 

 

573,487

 

Impairment of real estate investment property

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

3,499,438

 

 

-

 

Loss (gain) on sale of real estate investments, net

 

1,708,801

 

 

(3,932,028

)

 

1,708,801

 

 

(11,527,185

)

FFO attributable to common stockholders and Class C OP Unit holders

 

(1,715,231

)

 

3,564,303

 

 

7,777,265

 

 

(8,046,264

)

AFFO adjustments:
Impairment of goodwill

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

17,320,857

 

Stock compensation

 

8,469,867

 

 

549,240

 

 

9,790,206

 

 

1,740,852

 

Deferred financing costs

 

165,709

 

 

101,783

 

 

556,134

 

 

1,470,289

 

Non-recurring loan prepayment penalties

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

615,336

 

Swap termination costs

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

733,000

 

Due diligence expenses, including abandoned pursuit costs

 

1,208

 

 

44,863

 

 

347,598

 

 

636,171

 

Deferred rents

 

(1,772,403

)

 

(976,420

)

 

(4,528,120

)

 

(2,593,698

)

Unrealized gain on interest rate swap valuation

 

(795,425

)

 

59,000

 

 

(2,781,838

)

 

(1,319,013

)

Amortization of (below) above market lease intangibles, net

 

(204,011

)

 

(214,889

)

 

(596,194

)

 

(862,861

)

Unrealized gain on investment in preferred stock

 

(440,000

)

 

-

 

 

(440,000

)

 

-

 

Other adjustments for unconsolidated investment in a real estate property

 

11,819

 

 

(188

)

 

35,457

 

 

(564

)

AFFO attributable to common stockholders and Class C OP Unit holders

$

3,721,533

 

$

3,127,692

 

$

10,160,508

 

$

9,694,105

 

 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic

 

7,548,052

 

 

7,449,968

 

 

7,537,505

 

 

7,486,945

 

Fully Diluted (1)

 

11,128,772

 

 

10,180,543

 

 

11,022,386

 

 

10,217,361

 

 
FFO Per Share:
Basic

$

(0.23

)

$

0.48

 

$

1.03

 

$

(1.07

)

Fully Diluted

$

(0.23

)

$

0.35

 

$

0.71

 

$

(1.07

)

 
AFFO Per Share
Basic

$

0.49

 

$

0.42

 

$

1.35

 

$

1.29

 

Fully Diluted

$

0.33

 

$

0.31

 

$

0.92

 

$

0.95

 

 
(1) Includes the Class C, Class M, Class P and Class R OP Units (time vesting and performance) to compute the weighted average number of shares.
 

FFO is defined by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“Nareit”) as net income or loss computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding extraordinary items, as defined by GAAP, and gains and losses from sales of depreciable operating property, plus real estate-related depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs and depreciation of non-real estate assets), and after adjustment for unconsolidated partnerships, joint ventures, preferred distributions and real estate impairments. Because FFO calculations adjust for such items as depreciation and amortization of real estate assets and gains and losses from sales of operating real estate assets (which can vary among owners of identical assets in similar conditions based on historical cost accounting and useful-life estimates), they facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and between other REITs. As a result, we believe that the use of FFO, together with the required GAAP presentations, provides a more complete understanding of our performance relative to our competitors and a more informed and appropriate basis on which to make decisions involving operating, financing, and investing activities. It should be noted, however, that other REITs may not define FFO in accordance with the current Nareit definition or may interpret the current Nareit definition differently than we do, making comparisons less meaningful.

Additionally, we use AFFO as a non-GAAP financial measure to evaluate our operating performance. AFFO excludes non-routine and certain non-cash items such as revenues in excess of cash received, amortization of stock-based compensation, deferred rents, amortization of in-place lease valuation intangibles, deferred financing fees, gain or loss from the extinguishment of debt, unrealized gains (losses) on derivative instruments, and write-offs of due diligence expenses for abandoned pursuits. We also believe that AFFO is a recognized measure of sustainable operating performance by the REIT industry. Further, we believe AFFO is useful in comparing the sustainability of our operating performance with the sustainability of the operating performance of other real estate companies. Management believes that AFFO is a beneficial indicator of our ongoing portfolio performance and ability to sustain our current distribution level. More specifically, AFFO isolates the financial results of our operations. AFFO, however, is not considered an appropriate measure of historical earnings as it excludes certain significant costs that are otherwise included in reported earnings. Further, since the measure is based on historical financial information, AFFO for the period presented may not be indicative of future results or our future ability to pay our dividends.

By providing FFO and AFFO, we present information that assists investors in aligning their analysis with management’s analysis of long-term operating activities. For all of these reasons, we believe the nonGAAP measures of FFO and AFFO, in addition to income (loss) from operations, net income (loss) and cash flows from operating activities, as defined by GAAP, are helpful supplemental performance measures and useful to investors in evaluating the performance of our real estate portfolio. However, a material limitation associated with FFO and AFFO is that they are not indicative of our cash available to fund distributions since other uses of cash, such as capital expenditures at our properties and principal payments of debt, are not deducted when calculating FFO and AFFO. AFFO is useful in assisting management and investors in assessing our ongoing ability to generate cash flow from operations and continue as a going concern in future operating periods. Therefore, FFO and AFFO should not be viewed as a more prominent measure of performance than income (loss) from operations, net income (loss) or cash flows from operating activities and each should be reviewed in connection with GAAP measurements.

Neither the SEC, Nareit, nor any other applicable regulatory body has opined on the acceptability of the adjustments contemplated to adjust FFO in order to calculate AFFO and its use as a non-GAAP performance measure. In the future, the SEC or Nareit may decide to standardize the allowable exclusions across the REIT industry, and we may have to adjust the calculation and characterization of this non-GAAP measure.

MODIV INDUSTRIAL, INC.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures - Adjusted EBITDA
For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022
(Unaudited)
 

Three Months Ended September 30,

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

Net (loss) income (in accordance with GAAP)

$

(6,905,242

)

$

4,450,767

 

$

(6,854,210

)

$

(5,232,053

)

 
Depreciation and amortization

 

4,175,209

 

 

3,598,592

 

 

11,403,603

 

 

10,581,765

 

Depreciation and amortization for unconsolidated investment in a real estate property

 

187,479

 

 

192,551

 

 

567,721

 

 

573,487

 

Interest expense, net of derivative settlements and unrealized gain on interest rate swaps

 

2,922,918

 

 

2,514,838

 

 

6,761,779

 

 

5,280,167

 

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

1,725,318

 

Interest expense on unconsolidated investment in real estate property

 

96,375

 

 

98,624

 

 

287,793

 

 

294,404

 

Impairment of real estate investment property

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

3,499,438

 

 

-

 

Impairment of goodwill

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

17,320,857

 

Stock compensation expense

 

8,469,867

 

 

549,240

 

 

9,790,206

 

 

1,740,852

 

Due diligence expenses, including abandoned pursuit costs

 

1,208

 

 

44,863

 

 

347,598

 

 

636,171

 

Loss (gain) on sale of real estate investments, net

 

1,708,801

 

 

(3,932,028

)

 

1,708,801

 

 

(11,527,185

)

Adjusted EBITDA

$

10,656,615

 

$

7,517,446

 

$

27,512,730

 

$

21,393,783

 

 
Annualized Adjusted EBITDA

$

42,626,460

 

$

30,069,784

 

$

36,683,640

 

$

28,525,044

 

 
Net debt:
Consolidated debt

$

284,284,849

 

$

201,365,536

 

$

284,284,849

 

$

201,365,536

 

Debt of unconsolidated investment in real estate property (a)

 

9,315,322

 

 

9,544,130

 

 

9,315,322

 

 

9,544,130

 

Consolidated cash and cash equivalents

 

(5,641,610

)

 

(5,726,888

)

 

(5,641,610

)

 

(5,726,888

)

Cash of unconsolidated investment in real estate property (a)

 

(387,278

)

 

(341,007

)

 

(387,278

)

 

(341,007

)

$

287,571,283

 

$

204,841,771

 

$

287,571,283

 

$

204,841,771

 

 
Net debt / Adjusted EBITDA 6.7x 6.8x 7.8x 7.2x
 
(a) Reflects the Company's 72.71% pro rata share of the tenant-in-common's mortgage note payable and cash.

We define Net Debt as gross debt less cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash. We define Adjusted EBITDA as GAAP net income or loss adjusted to exclude real estate related depreciation and amortization, gains or losses from the sales of depreciable property, extraordinary items, provisions for impairment on real estate investments and goodwill, interest expense, non-cash items such as non-cash compensation expenses and write-offs of transaction costs and other one-time transactions. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors because they are widely accepted industry measures used by analysts and investors to compare the operating performance of REITs. EBITDA is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP, and our EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. You should not consider our EBITDA as an alternative to net income or cash flows from operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP.

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